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Clinical Studies & Articles Relating to
Audio-Visual Entrainment/ Light & Sound Stimulation

(With many thanks to the comprehensive compilations of David Siever)

Abrahams, J: And the Winner is You.  Golf Magazine. March 2001: 92-97

Adrian, E.; Matthews, B:  The Berger Rhythm: Potential Changes from the Occipital Lobes In Man.  Brain. 1934, Vol. 57: 355-384

Alexander, C; Rainforth, M:  Transcendental Meditation, Self Actualization, and Psychological Health:  A Conceptual Overview and Statistical Meta-Analysis.  Journal of Social Behavior and Personality.  1991, Vol. 6, 5:189-247.

Anoukhin, A.; Vogel, F.: EEG Alpha Rhythm Frequency and Intelligence in Normal Individuals.  Intelligence, Vol.23:1-14.

Anderson, D.J.:  The Treatment of Migraine with Variable Frequency Photo-Stimulation.  Headache.  1989, Vol.29:  154-155.

Anderson, D.J.:  PMS, EEG and Photic Stimulation.  Presentation by D. Noton at the 1996 Annual Meeting of the Association for Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback.  (Pre-publication).

Benson, H.: Wallace, R.K.: Decreased Blood Pressure in Hypertensive Subjects Who Practiced Meditation.  Circulation Supplement II to Vol. 45 and 46 (1972): 516.

Berg, K; Siever, D.:  Audio-Visual Entrainment as a Treatment Modality for Seasonal Affective Disorder.  Presented at the Society for Neuronal Regulation. 1999.

Berg, K.;  Mueller, H.; Siebel, D.: Siever, D.:  Outcome of Medical Methods, Audio-Visual Entrainment, and Nutritional Supplementation for the Treatment of Fibromyalgia Syndrome.  Presented at the Society for Neuronal Regulation. 1999.

Boersma, F.: Gagnon.C:  The Use of Repetitive Audiovisual Entrainment in the Management of Chronic Pain.  Medical Hypnoanlysis Journal.  1992, Vol. 7, No 3:80-97.

Broadhead, W.; Blazer, W; George, L; et al:  Depression, Disability Days, Days Lost From Work in a Prospective Epidemiologic Survey.  JAMA  1990, 264:  2524-8.

Budzynski, T.;  Budzinski, H.;  Jordy, J;  Tang,H.; Claypoole, K.:  Academic Performance With Photic Stimulation and EDR Feedback.  Journal of Neurotherapy.  Fall/ Winter 1999:  11-21.

Budzinski, T.H.;  Tang, J.:  Biolight Effects on the EEG.  Synchromed Report. 1998.

Cade, C.  Maxwell; Coxhead, N.; The Awakened Mind, Element Books, Ltd., Great Britain.

Donker,D.;  Njio, L.; Storm Van Leewan, W.;  Wieneke, G.:  Interhemispheric Relationships of Responses to Sine Wave Modulated Light in Normal Subjects and Patients.  Encephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology.  1978, Vol. 44:479-489.

Ellingson, R.:  Cortical Electrical Responses to Visual Stimulation in the Human Infant.  Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology.  1960, Vol. 12: 663-677.

Frederick, J.;  Lubar, J.;  Rasey, H.;  Brim, S;  Blackburn, J.:  Effect of 18.5 Hz Audiovisual Stimulation on EEG  Amplitutde at the Vertex.  Proceedings AAPB Thirteenth Anniversary Annual Meeting. 1999, 42-45.

Gontgovsky, S;  Montgomery, D. :  The Phsydiological Response to “ Beta Sweep” Entrainment.  Proceeding AAPB Thirteenth Anniversary Annual Meeting. 1999, 62-65.

Jeavons, P.M.;  Bishop, A.; Harding, G.:  The Prognosis of Photosensitivity.  Epilepsia.  1986, Vol. 27, No 5:  569-575.

Joyce, M; Siever, D.;  Twitty, M:  Audio-Visual Entrainment Program as a Treatment for Behavior Disorders in a School Setting.  Journal of Neurotherapy.  2000, Vol. 4, No 2: 9-25.

Leonard, K.; Telch, M;  Harrington, P.:  Dissociation in the Laboratory:  A Comparison of Strategies.  Behaviour Research and Therapy.  1999, Vol. 37: 49-61.

Leonard, K.; Telch, M;  Harrington, P.:  Fear Response to Dissociation Challenge.  In Press.

Liberman, J.:  Light Medicine of the Future.  Bear & Co. Publishing, MN.

Mann, A.:  Miralles, R.; Adrian, H.:  The Application of Audio stimulation and Electromyographic Biofeedback to Bruxism and Myofascial Pain-Dysfunction Syndrome.  Oral Surgery.  1981, Vol. 52, No 3:247-252.

Margolis, B.:  A Technique for Rapidly Inducing Hypnosis.  CAL. June, 1966: 21-24.

Neisser, U.:  The Processes of Vision, Perception:  Mechanisms and Models, Readings from Scientific American, W.H. Freeman and Co, San Francisco.

Nordstrom, D.:  When Work Gets On Your Nerves.  Psychology Today, July/ august 1998, 13.  Article by Amelia Levy.

Oster, G.:  Auditory Beats in the Brain. Scientific American.  1973, Vol. 229:94-102.

Russell, H. Entrainment Combined With Mutimodal Rehabilitation of a 43-Year-Old Severely Impaired  Pastaneurysm Patient.  Biofeedback and Self Regualtion.  1996,  Vol. 21,4.

Rosenthal, N.E.:  Winter Blues: What It Is and How To Overcome It.  New York: Guilford Press, 1993.

Timerman, D.L.;  Lubar, J.F.; Rasey, H. W.; Frederick, J.A.:  Effects of 20 Min Audio-Visual Stimulation ( AVS) at Dominant Alpha Frequency and Twice Dominant Alpha Frequency on the Cortical EEG.  International Journal of Psychophysiology.  1999.

Clinical Studies and Articles Relating to
EEG Biofeedback, Neurofeedback, Brain Function, Brain Rehabilitation and Behavior

(With many thanks to ISNR (International Society for Neurofeedback & Research) and the Comprehensive Bibliography, Compiled by D. Corydon Hammond, PhD Professor, Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation University of Utah School of Medicine)

Albert, A.O.;   Andrasik, F.;  Moore, J.L.;  Dunn, B.R.:  Theta/beta training for attention, concentration and memory improvement in geriatric population.  Applied Psychophysiology & Biofeedback, 1998, Vol.  23, No 2: 109.

Abstra Angelakis, E.;  Stathopoulou, S.; Frymiare, J.;  Green, D.:  Lubar, J.; Kounios, J.:  EEG Neurofeedback : A brief overview of an example of peak alpha frequency training for cognitive enhancement in the elderly.  Clinical Neuropsychology, 2007, Vol. 21, No 1: 110-129.

Boynton, T.:  Applied research using alpha/theta training for cognitive enhancement in the elderly.  Journal of Neurotherapy, 2001, Vol. 5 No 1-2: 5-18. 

Brownbeck, T.;  Mason,L.: Neurotherapy in the Treatment of Dissociation.  Quantitative EEG and Neurofeedback.  Chapter 6: 145-156.

Budzynski, T.; Budzynski, H.K.;  Tang, H.:  Brain Brightening: Rrestoring the Aging Mind.  Handbook of Neurofeedback, Binghampton, NY: Haworth Medical Press, 2007, pp 231-265.

Cohen, R.:  Connectivity-guided Neurofeedback for Autistic Spectrum Disorder.  Biofeedback. 2007 , Vol. 35 No 4): 131-135.

Doyle, P.:  Stress Management by Biofeedback: Biofeedback Training for U.S. Astronauts.  Spinoff 1997.

Fenwick, B.C.:  The Relationship Between mind, Brain, and Seizures. Epilepsia, 1992, 33(Suppl 6): S1-S6.

Fox, P.;  Raichle, M;  Mintun, M.; Dence, C.:  Nonoxidative Glucose Consumption During Focal Physiologic Neural Activity.  Science, 1988, Vol. 241: 462-464

Frew, D.:  Transcendental Meditation and Productivity.  Academy of Management Journal.  1974, Vol. 17, No 2, 362-368.

Green, E.; Green, A.: Self Regulation of Psychophsiological Events and Processes. Beyond Biofeedback.  Delacorte Press. 1977.

Giannitrapani, D.:  EEG Average Frequency and Intelligence.  Electroencephalography & Clinical Neurophysiology.  1969, Vol. 27:  480-486.

Glista, M.D.;  Frank, M.D.;  Tracy, M.D.:  Video Games and Seizures.  Archives of Neurology. 1983, Vol. 40:  588.

Grosepath, K.;  Nafe, B.; Ziegler, E.;  Mann. W. J.:  Neurofeedback Training as a therapy for tinnitus.  HNO (German), 2001, 49(1), 29-35.

Gruzelier, J.;  Egner, T.; Vernon, D.:  Validating the efficacy of neurofeedback for optimizing performance.  Progress in Brain Research, 2006, Vol. 159: 421-431.

Gruzelier, J.:  A theory of alpha/theta neurofeedback, creative performance enhancement, long distance functional connectivity and psychological integration.   Cognitive Processings, 2009, Vol. 10 (Suppl 1) : 101-109.

Hagstadius, S;  Risberg, J:  Regional Cerebral Blood Flow Characteristics and Variation with Age in Resting Normal Subjects.  Brain and Cognition. 1989, Vol. 10, 28-43.

Hubel, D.H.:  The Visual Cortex of the Brain, Perception: Mechanisms and Models, Readings from Scientific American, W.H. Freeman and Company, San Francisco.

Hutchison, M.:  Mega Brain Power.  Hyperion, New York.

Hutchison, M:  Listening to the Brain.  Megabrain Report,  1995, Vol. 3, No.1.

Hutchison, M.:  High Dimensional Chaos.  Megabrai Report, 1995, Vol. 3,  No.1.

Jarusiewicz, G.:  Efficay of Neurofeedback with Austistic Spectrum Disorders.  A pilot study.  Journal of Neurotherapy, Vol. 11, No 1: 5-23.

Jarusiewicz, G.:  Use of Neurofeedback with Autistic Spectrum Disorders. Handbook of Neurofeedback, Binghamton, NY, Haworth Medical Press, pp. 321-339. 

Jausovec, N.:  Differences in EEG Alpha Activity Related to Giftedness.  Intelligence.  1996, Vol. 23:  159-173.

Kaiser, DA.;  Scott, W:  Effect of EEG Biofeedback on Chemical Dependency. EEG Research. Anaheim, January 21,1999.

Kelly, MJ:  Three Year Outcome of Alpha /Theta Neurofeedback Training in the Treatment of Problem Drinking Among Dine’ (Navajo) People. 

Lubar, J.J.:  Neurofeedback Assessment and Treatment for Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorders.  Quantitative EEG and Neurofeedback.  Chapter 5: 103-143.

Kouijzer, M.E. UJ.; de Moor, J.M.H.’  Gerrits, B.J. L.;  Buitelaar, J.K.; van Schie, H.T.:  Long-Term Effects of Neurofeedback Treatment in Autism.  Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2009, Vol. 3: 496-501.

Lam, R.W.:  Information about Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD).  University of British Columbia/ VHHSC Mood Disorder Clinic.  1999. www.psychiatry.ubc.ca/mood/md_sad.html.

Lorscheider, F.; Syed, N; Wood, J.:  How Mercury Causes Brain Neuron Degeneration.

http://www.commons.ucalgary.ca/mercury  Faculty of Medicine, Department of Physiology & Biophysics, University of Calgary.

Lubar, J.;  Mann, C.;  Miller, C.;  Muenchen, R.; Zimmerman, A.: Quantitative Analysis of EEG in Boys with Attention-deficit-hyperactivity Disorder: Controlled Study with Clinical Implications.  From the Departments of Psychology, Pediatrics (Neurology), and computing Center, University of Tennessee and Department of Medicine: East Tennessee Children’s Hospital; Knoxville, Tennessee.  1991.

Markland, O.N.:  Alpha Rhythms.  Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology, 1990, Vol. 7: 163-189.

Martin, G.;  Johnson, C.L.:  The Boys Totem Town Neurofeedback Project:  A pilot study of EEG biofeedback with incarcerated juvenile felons.  Journal of Neurotherapy, 2005, 9(3), 71-86.

 McClintic, J.R..:  Physiology of the Human Body, John Wiley & Sons, 1975.

Michaud, E.;  Fienstein, A.:  Fighting Disease, Rodale Press, Inc., Pennsylvania.

Monastra, V.J.: Electroencephalographic biofeedback ( neurotherapy) as a treatment  attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.  Applied Psychophysiology & Biofeedback,30(2),95-114.

Monastra, V.J.; Monastra, D.M.; George, S.: The Effects of stimulant therapy, EEG biofeedback, and parenting style on the primary symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.  Applied Psychophysiology & Biofeedback, 2002, 27(4), 231-249.

Peniston. E.; Kulkosky, P.:  Alcoholic Personality and Alpha-Theta Brainwave Training.

Medical Psychotherapy.  1990, Vol. 3: 37- 55.  Special acknowledgements to VA Medical Center, Fort Lyon, CO.

Peniston. E.; Kulkosky, P.:  Alpha-Theta Brainwave Neuro-Feedback Therapy for Vietnam Veterans with Combat-Related Post-Tramatic Stress Disorder. Medical Psychotherapy.  1991, Vol 4: 47-60.  Special acknowledgements to VA Medical Center, Fort Lyon, CO.

Peniston. E.; Kulkosky, P.:  Brainwave Training and B-Endorphin Levels in Alcoholics.

Alchoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research.  1989, March/ April Vol. 13, No 2.

Pineda, J.A.;  Brang, D.; Hecht, E.;  Edwards, L.; Carey, S.; Bacon, M.; Futagaki, C.;  Suk, D.;  Birnbaum, C.; Rork, A.:  Positive Behavioral and  Electrophysiological Changes Following Neurofeedback Training in children with Autism.  Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2008, Vol. 2, 557-581.

Raymond,J.;  Sajid, I.;  Parkinson, L.; Gruzelier, J.:  Biofeedback and dance performance:  A preliminary investigation.  Applied Psychophysiology & Biofeedback.  2005, Vol. 30, No 1: 65-74.

Robbins, J:  How To Calm A Child. Parade, June 28, 1998.

Robbins, J:  Wired For Miracles? Psychology Today. June 1998.

Saxby, E.;  Penniston, EG.:  Alpha-Theta brainwave neurofeedback training: an effective treatment for male and female alcoholics with depressive symptoms. Biofeedback Center, Pacific Grove, CA. 1989-1991.  PubMed.

Scolnick, B.:  Effects of Electroencephalogram Biofeedback with Asperger’s Syndrome.  International  Journal of Rehabilitation Research, 3005, Vol. 28, No 2: 159-163.

Seifert, A.; Lubar, J:  Reduction of Epileptic Seizures Through EEG Biofeedback Training.  Biological Psychology.  1975, Vol 3: 157-184.

Schenk, S.;  Lamm, K.; Gundel, H.; Ladwig, K.H.:  Effects of neurofeedback-based EEG alpha and EEG beta training in patients with chronically decompensated tinnitus.  HNO. ( German), 53(1), 29-38.

Sterman, M.; MacDonald, L.; Stone, R.: Biofeedback Training of the Sensorimotor Electroencephalogram Rhythm in Man: Effects on Epilepsy.  Epilepsia, 1974, Vol. 15: 395-416.

Sterman, B:  12 EEG Biofeedback in Treatment of Epilepsy: An Overview Circa 1980. VA Medical Center, UCLA.

Tansey, M.: A Simple and a Complex TIC (Gilles de la Tourette’s Syndrome): Their Response to EEG Sensorimotor Rhythm Biofeedback Training.  International Journal of Psychophysiology. 1986, Vol. 4: 91-97.

Tansey, M.A.; Bruner, R.L.:  Ten-year stability of EEG biofeedback results for a hyperactive boy who failed fourth grade perceptually impaired class.  Biofeedback Regulation.  1983, Vol. 8, No 1: 25-37.

Tansey, M: Wechsler (WISC-R) Changes Following Treatment of Learning Disabilities Via EEG Biofeedback Training in a Private Practice Setting. Australian Journal of Psychology.  1991, Vol. 43, No 3: 147-153.

Thompson, M.; Thompson, L.: Biofeedback for Movement Disorders (dystonia with Parkinson’s disease): Theory and preliminary results.  Journal of Neurotherapy. 2002, 6(4), 51-70.

Thompson, T.; Steffert, T.; Rox, T.; Leach, J.; Gruzelier, J.:  EEG applications for sports performance.  Methods, 2008, Vol. 45: 279-288.

Thompson, L.; Thompson, M.:  Neurofeedback combined with training in metacognitive strategies: Effectiveness with students with ADD.  Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 1998, Vol. 23 No 4: 243-263.

Thornton, K.E.; Carmody, D.P.:  Electroencephalogram biofeedback for reading disability and traumatic brain injury.  Child & Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 2005, Vol. 14, No 1: 137-162.

Valdez, M.:  Effects of biofeedback-assisted attention training in a college population.  Biofeedback & Self-Regulation, 1985, Vol. 10 No 4: 315-324.

Walker, J.E.; Norman,, C.A.:   The neurophysiology of dyslexia: A selective review with implication for neurofeedback remediation and results of treatment in twelve consecutive patients.  Journal of Neurotherapy, 1998, Vol. 3 No 1: 42-49.  

Whitsett, S.; Lubar, J.; Holder, G;  Pamplin, W.;  Shabin, H.:  A Double Blind Investigation of the Relationship Between Seizure Activity and the Sleep EEG

Following EEG Biofeedback Training.  Biofeedback and Self Regulation. 1982, Vol 7, No 2.

Warner, D.A.; Barabasz, A.; Barabasz, M.:  The Efficacy of Barabasz’s alert hypnosis and neurotherapy on alertness, impulsivity and hyperactivity disorder.  Journal of Huazhong University of Science & Technology, 2005, Vol. 25, No 3: 368-370.

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